Our employment solicitors are specialists who represent employees who have been the victims of religious discrimination in the workplace. You have the legal right to be free from discrimination based on your religion or religious beliefs. If your employer has violated that right, you may have a compensation claim that can be instigated by a solicitor in the Liverpool Employment Tribunal. With our no win no fee scheme, you pay nothing if your solicitor does not win your case. For advice, at no cost, on religious discrimination in Liverpool simply email our offices or complete the contact form or telephone the helpline.

Religion or Belief Regulations

The Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003 protect employees from discrimination on the grounds of religion or beief. For the purposes of these regulations, religion is defined as any religion, religious belief or similar philosophical belief. The regulations do not specifically list the religions and beliefs protected. All major religions, as well as some lesser practised ones such as Humanism, are covered. Ultimately it is up to the Liverpool Employment Tribunal (ET) to determine what qualifies as a religion or religious belief under the regulations. In making this determination, the ET will consider factors such as collective worship, the existence of a clear belief system and whether there is a deep belief that affects the individual's world view or lifestyle.

The statute also protects individuals without a religion or religious beliefs. Additionally, employees are protected from discrimination on the grounds of perceived religion or belief. That is, if an employer discriminates against an employee because he assumes the employee is of a certain religion, the employee has a claim regardless of whether the employer's assumption was correct. Finally, the Regulations make it unlawful to discriminate against someone because they associate with people of a certain religion.

Types of Religious Discrimination

The legislation prohibits four different types of discrimination: direct, indirect, harassment and victimisation. Direct discrimination occurs when an employee is treated less favourably than others because of their religion. Indirect discrimination is when an employer enacts a rule or requirement that adversely affects members of one religion more than members of other religions. While direct discrimination is always unlawful, indirect discrimination can sometimes be justified. The employer must be able to show that the restriction serves a real business need and that there is no alternative means of achieving this aim.

Harassment is offensive, threatening or degrading behaviour directed towards an employee because of their religion. Victimisation is a form of discrimination that involves treating someone unfavourably because they are making or participating in a claim of religious discrimination or are providing evidence in a religious discrimination case.

Who Benefits?

All workers, regardless of length of service, are covered by the the Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003. Every aspect of employment is encompassed by the legislation, including recruitment, training, promotions and transfers. Both job applicants and employees are covered. In some cases, even ex-employees may be covered. For example, religious discrimination has occurred if the employer refuses to provide the ex-employee with a reference because of their religion. The employer may also be responsible for the discriminatory acts carried out by another employee.


In very limited circumstances, exceptions for a "genuine occupational requirement" or GOR may be made. A GOR means that the employee must be of a particular religion or hold certain religious beliefs in order to perform the job or abide by the religious ethos of the business or organisation.

No Win No Fee Solicitors

Our solicitors can provide you with confidential advice at no charge. If you believe you have been the victim of religious discrimination, it is important to speak with a solicitor as soon as possible. Contact us today through our online contact form or our helpline or email our offices.


HELPLINE 0345 515 0362